The orange is the fruit of the citrus species Citrus family. It is also called sweet orange. The orange is a hybrid between pomelo and mandarin. It has genes that are 25% pomelo and 75% mandarin.
Oranges were mentioned in Chinese literature in 314 BC. Orange trees were found to be the most cultivated fruit tree in the world. Orange trees are widely grown in tropical and subtropical climates for their sweet fruit. The fruit of the orange tree can be eaten fresh or processed for its juice or fragrant peel. As of 2012, sweet oranges accounted for approximately 70% of citrus production.
Oranges are rich in citrus limonoids, proven to help fight several varieties of cancer including that of the skin, lung, breast, stomach and colon.
Orange juice can help prevent kidney diseases. Drinking orange juice regularly prevents kidney diseases and reduces the risk of kidney stones.
Mandarin oranges fight liver cancer, according to studies. According to two studies in Japan eating mandarin oranges reduces liver cancer. This may be due in part to vitamin A compounds known as carotenoids.
Oranges lower cholesterol. Since they’re full of soluble fibre, oranges are helpful in lowering cholesterol.
Oranges are full of potassium, an electrolyte mineral responsible for helping the heart function well. When potassium levels get too low, you may develop an abnormal heart rhythm, known as an arrhythmia.
Oranges are full of vitamin C, which protects cells by neutralizing free radicals. Free radicals cause chronic diseases, like cancer and heart disease.
Oranges fight against viral infections. Studies show that the abundance of polyphenols in oranges protects against viral infections.
Oranges relieve constipation. Oranges are full of dietary fibre, which stimulates digestive juices and relieves constipation.
Oranges are rich in carotenoid compounds, which are converted to vitamin A and help prevent macular degeneration.
The flavonoid hesperidin found in oranges helps regulate high blood pressure, and the magnesium in oranges helps maintain blood pressure.
Oranges are full of beta-carotene, which is a powerful antioxidant that protects the cells from damage. Beta-carotene protects the skin from free radicals and helps prevent the signs of aging.
Oranges alkalize the body. Although oranges are acidic before you digest them, they contain many alkaline minerals that help to balance out the body after they are digested. In this respect, they are like lemons, which are one of the most alkaline foods available.
Oranges provide smart carbohydrates and do not cause a blood sugar spike. Oranges like all fruits have simple sugars in them, but the orange has a glycaemic index of 40. Anything under 55 is considered low. This means if you don’t eat too many oranges at one time, they won’t spike your blood sugar and cause problems with insulin or weight gain.